For you coffee lovers, it is mandatory to know the types of espresso based coffee. There are two main varieties in this category namely Italian and American styles. These differ from each other due to the method of preparation. You may also be interested in our articles 3 Best Coffee Machines For Americanos Reviews on Amazon! which may be of use to you.
Italian-Style Espresso: The most popular type of coffee used worldwide. It is prepared by brewing a strong drink using an espresso machine (or sometimes referred to as a barista). On the other hand, it can also be made with a drip brewer or an automatic drip coffee maker. In Italy, they use very high quality seeds and machinery whereas in America, they use cheaper seeds and less expensive machinery.
American Style Espresso: This style is most preferred by Americans. It is prepared by steaming the peanuts in a filter basket for about 15 seconds before pouring them into a cup, then adding the milk and sugar or syrup.
Most people think that this type of coffee is too sweet and heavy to drink, but in fact this coffee is quite refreshing because it contains much less caffeine than other types of coffee. The best thing about American-style espresso is that you can use any kind of milk, including non-dairy varieties like almond milk or soy milk.
Maybe you are also familiar with names like latte, cappuccino, or macchiato. However, for those of you who are not familiar, it’s a good idea to pay attention to the types of coffee below so you don’t get the wrong message when visiting the cafe.
If you pay close attention, you may find the word ‘espresso based‘ on the menus in many cafes in Indonesia. Espresso based are all types of drinks made from espresso. Espresso is a type of coffee that is brewed using a special machine called an espresso machine. The coffee beans are extracted by pressure from the machine.
Hot water will flow through the coffee beans that have been finely ground under pressure from the machine. The result is a strong coffee liquid with a sharp odor. Drinks that use espresso usually have the same three compositions. Namely espresso, hot milk (steamed milk), and foam milk (foam milk).
Types Of Espresso Based Coffee
Espresso is the basic ingredient for various types of coffee drinks. Some types of coffee with espresso basic ingredients can even be added with complementary toppings. Here are some types of espresso based blends that you can order at the cafe.
Short macchiato is almost similar to the basic ingredient, namely espresso. The difference is, the short macchiato is given a little hot milk and foam so that the taste is not as strong as the espresso. Baristas have their own methods and recipes for making short macchiatos. However, if you follow the traditional recipe, short macchiato can be made with a composition of one shot of espresso with milk foam. One shot equals 25-35 ml according to the Specialty Coffee Association of America.
2. Long macchiato
The long macchiato is slightly different from its “brother”, the shot macchiato. This type of coffee uses two espresso shots in its manufacture so the taste tends to be heavy.
This recipe is also quite simple. Americano is just a combination of espresso and warm water. The general ratio is 1/3 of the glass filled with espresso and the rest warm water. For example, if you are making Americano in a glass with a capacity of 150 ml, then you need to mix 50 ml of espresso and 100 ml of warm water.
Latte or café latte is an espresso-based drink mixed with hot milk and micro-foam. This coffee has a much sweeter taste than espresso because of the addition of hot milk. Latte itself means milk in Italian. The mix of latte is usually a shot of espresso with hot milk and 1 cm of milk foam on top.
Cappuccino has the same ingredients as latte. The difference is in the amount of composition. A cappuccino has more milk foam on it than a latte. The thickness of the cappuccino milk foam is usually 3 centimeters.
6. Flat white
Flat white has a composition of espresso and hot milk. In contrast to latte and cappuccino which still mix milk foam into it. Flat white is made by mixing a shot of espresso and hot milk.
Basically, a piccolo latte is a café latte made in an espresso cup. This gives the piccolo a very strong espresso taste but is slightly subtle due to the mixture of milk and foam.
8. Café mocha
Café mocha or often also called mocha is a mixture of cappuccino and hot chocolate. The mocha is made with a mixture of cocoa powder and a shot of espresso. This mixture is then continued with the process of making a cappuccino in general.
Affogato is one type of coffee that is often used as a dessert. Usually affogato is enjoyed in the summer and after dinner. Affogato is made by placing a large scoop of vanilla ice cream in a shot or two of espresso.
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