How can diabetes be treated? Diabetes, is a disease that affects the body’s ability to utilize and respond to insulin. It can be associated with several other medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, blindness, and neuropathy.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of chronic illness and death in the United States. Read more about it to know how can diabetes be treated. In this blog, we also have an article about best natural remedies for type 2 diabetes that you might want to read about it.
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream.”Center for Disease Control and Prevention
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body does not produce or use enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body to use sugar (glucose) for energy. In a healthy body, insulin works to help the sugar to get into the cells so that they can use it for energy. When there is not enough insulin, the sugar cannot get into the cells and stays in the blood. The result is that the sugar level in the blood is high.
Diabetes is the most common long-term complication of having had gestational diabetes. It is estimated that about 2.5% of pregnant women have gestational diabetes, which means that about one in every 40 pregnancies is affected. This is a number that is likely to rise in the future, as the number of pregnancies in the population is increasing.
Gestational diabetes can lead to a higher risk of having diabetes in the future. This is because it can affect the way that the body handles sugar. It also makes it harder to control diabetes in the future. If you already have diabetes, then this can make your diabetes worse.
Most people who develop gestational diabetes are overweight or obese before pregnancy. This puts them at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on. However, if you are underweight then your chance of developing gestational diabetes is decreased.
The reason why the rate of diabetes after pregnancy rises in some countries is that more mothers are becoming overweight or obese. Mothers with gestational diabetes often put on weight after their baby is born. They may eat what they want without thinking too much about how much food they are eating.
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.”National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
What causes diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and type 2. Only 5% of all cases of diabetes are type 1. About 95% of cases of diabetes are type 2. Diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas, which produces insulin.
Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system attacks the beta cells of the pancreas. These cells make and release insulin, which controls the amount of glucose in the blood. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes and it must be managed throughout life.
Treatment includes taking insulin injections, monitoring blood glucose levels regularly and giving dietary advice. Type 1 diabetics need to monitor their blood glucose levels closely. This involves using meters and test strips to measure glucose levels in the blood. Some people need regular injections of insulin to keep their blood glucose levels within normal limits.
It has been found that lifestyle changes such as dieting and exercise can improve blood glucose levels in people with type 1 diabetes.
If you have type 2 diabetes, then your body stops producing enough insulin. This makes it difficult for the body to regulate its blood sugar levels. Treatment usually starts with diet and exercise. You will probably take tablets called oral hypoglycaemic drugs. These include sulphonylurea, metformin and glitazones. Sulphonylureas stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin. Metformin lowers blood sugar by reducing the amount of sugar made from the foods we eat. Glitazones make fat cells release fatty acids which give up stored sugar for use in the liver. Your doctor will decide which treatment is best for you. Type 2 diabetes tends to run in families so there are genetic factors involved.
How Can Diabetes Be Treated
Diabetes is a disease that can be treated by taking proper medication. However, the most important thing to do is to follow a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle includes eating the right foods, exercising regularly and not smoking. All these things help in keeping the blood sugar levels under control. Here are some steps about how can diabetes be treated:
- Keep an eye on your blood sugar levels. Depending on your treatment plan, you may need to check and report your blood sugar up to four times a day, or more often if you’re on insulin. The only way to ensure that your blood sugar level stays within your desired range is to check it carefully. People with type 2 diabetes who do not use insulin tend to monitor their blood sugar levels substantially less regularly. People who take insulin treatment may also opt to use a continuous glucose monitor to check their blood sugar levels. Although this technology hasn’t totally replaced the glucose meter, it may greatly decrease the number of finger sticks required to monitor blood sugar and give valuable information about blood sugar patterns.
- Insulin Treatment: Insulin treatment is required for people with type 1 diabetes to live. Many patients who have type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin treatment as well. Insulin comes in a variety of forms, including short-acting (normal insulin), rapid-acting insulin, long-acting insulin, and intermediate choices. Your doctor may prescribe a combination of insulin types to use during the day and night, depending on your requirements. Because stomach enzymes interfere with insulin’s effect, insulin cannot be administered orally to reduce blood sugar. Insulin is often administered using a thin needle and syringe or an insulin pen, which resembles a huge ink pen. An insulin pump is another possibility. The pump is a little gadget the size of a small telephone that is worn on the exterior of your body. A tube links the insulin reservoir to a catheter implanted beneath the skin of your belly.
- Other Medication: Other oral or injectable drugs may be administered as well. Some diabetic drugs encourage your pancreas to make and release more insulin. Others prevent your liver from producing and releasing glucose, requiring less insulin to carry sugar into your cells. Others prevent stomach or intestinal enzymes from breaking down carbs or make your cells more responsive to insulin. Metformin (Glumetza, Fortamet, and other similar medications) is usually the first medicine administered for type 2 diabetes. Another kind of drug, known as SGLT2 inhibitors, may be employed. They function by preventing sugar from being reabsorbed into the bloodstream by the kidneys. The sugar is instead eliminated in the urine.
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